Project III

Project III

Time Frame: 3 Weeks

Start Date: February 12, 2014

Due Date: March 5, 2014

Program: A place to celebrate the sun and wind on four days of the year:

Winter Solstice, Spring Equinox, Summer Solstice, and Fall Equinox

Element/System: A Roof and Floor

Secondary Element: Stair

Site/Context: Water front; location Texas coast view facing East


Readings: Unwin and any related literature on vertical movement through space. (stair)

Inspiration: Choose your artist, architect, sculpture, art, or writings to draw your inspiration

This project will require a finished model, drawings and composite presentation. There should be at a minimum one complete perspective.

Support drawings will be  your choice, plans, elevations and sections that need to convey the design and idea behind your project.

Due February 19, 2014: A narrative due with your inspiration and links posted to blog this week. Make sure you include an architect and a project that you are studying during project III

Due February 22, 2014:(4) study models are due by this Saturday at the latest, I will send a dropbox link to each of you to place photos of your project, make sure your name is included within your photo, i.e., john1.jpg

Preliminary Review February 24, 2014: Review will be held first of class on Monday Frebruary 24, 2014, to include; research, site analysis, sun, wind, tidal flow, distinct ideas of your four days of the year and examples, narrative and lots of sketches including your study models and an related support material.

February 26, 2014: Wednesday the 26th of February we will go over model building in class. Before class post any related material blog on model building, i.e., blogs, youtube videos etc.


16 Responses to Project III

  1. Carmen Oviedo says:

    When I first heard about the project I automatically knew that I wanted to do a cantilever building over the water. The water is a perfect view for anyone in the building. Before I did any professional research I began to look at a few pictures of modern buildings. I came accross many builsings in which Inhave created ideas throught. The list of those pictures is provided below. I did some research in a few architects and felt that Zaha Hadid was the perfect person for this project. I love the modernism in her designs but at the same time uniqueness. She has done a few cantilever projects where I got a few ideas from but the largest ideas are just from the unique yet modern designs that the structures hold. Of her many amazing designs I really liked the Port House Antwerp in Belgium. It is a normal building from the bottom but has an extension at the top that oversees the city. Once again it has a form of cantilever and in my case instead of the people in it viewing the cuty, they will be viewing the beautiful ocean. I also began to look at Morphosis and an fe og the designs they had. One that really stood out to me is the Shanghai Dragon. I like the fact that they used steel as well as glass. i am really taking unto cinsideration to use those materials for my design.
    So pretty much structure will be a building. The base will have either one or two floors. Either in the second or third floor there will be a cantilever extension that will that will give the user an amazing view of the ocean. Part of the building’s design will accomadate to the both solstices and both equinoxes. Implan on making the building from steel in order to be more resistant as well as glass for any views or windows included.

    Cantilever Buildings:

    Port House Antwerp:

    Shanghai Dragon:!/entry/shanghai-dragon-futuristic-office-by-morphosis,509c2e5ed7fc7b56705089ed.

  2. Working with difficult sites, Peter Eisenman considers the layers of physical and cultural aspects of each site he works with. Eisenman became my source of inspiration because he can find a way to work with the surrounding environment and make do with what he has. One project that stood out from the rest of Eisenman’s work was the City of Culture of Galacia located in Santiago de Compostela, Spain. What drew me to this structure was its complexity, trying to make the building look like rolling hills and seemed to have an appearance of the floor becoming a wall and the wall becoming a roof. Eisenman’s concept was to design a new human-made peak of Mount Gaias with natural breaks that resemble scallop shells, the traditional symbol of Santiago pilgrims. Although it was an extreme challenge to build, Eisenman integrated the structure perfectly with the natural mountain surroundings. Unfortunately, the project was too expensive, doubling its original budget, which put a stop to the construction in March 2013. The site we are working with may not have surrounding mountains, but it is still a challenge to work off a coast. I plan to incorporate my design to flow through the sand as if each structure is one with the land. The way Eisenman worked with forming a mountain structure, each design will be related to the different seasons that happen throughout the year. For the summer solstice and spring equinox, my designs will be located close to the east because the cooling temperature from the water will cool off a person in the heat. They will also be place there because the sun rises from the east and it would be a nice view to see the sunrise. The design for the fall equinox will be located closely to the middle, resembling the half mark of the seasons the change of time. Lastly, the design for the winter equinox will be located more towards the west. It will be on land which will be warmer for a person rather than being close to the water. The warmth of the land should keep the structure warm, but have some cool breezes coming through. Following Peter Eisenman, complexity is something he will truly love and I will try my best to incorporate his designs into mine.
    Word List: calm, warmth, flowing, complex, unique, peaceful, natural, shelter, free

  3. Francy Martinez says:

    I find this project interesting and challenging, due to the fact that we have to analyze the sun throughout different seasons. When researching the different seasons and how the sun corresponds to them, I looked up different architects that can inspire me to design this project. I came across Kenzo Tange who designed the Fuji TV Headquarters in Tokyo. This structure caught my attention because it was built in the water front in Tokyo’s Minato district. The unique thing about this building is that it is constructed with a sphere that gives a futuristic view over the waterfront. This sphere is towards the beginning of the building and the outside stairs are tunneled like making very interesting to view. I want to design my structure over the waterfront, so that the visitors can have the feel of being on the land as well as on the water. Now, the equinoxes and solstices vary in days but they usually occur during the end of the months. I want to use the following days for my project: December 23, March 20, June 21 and September 23. During each of these days something different will occur to catch the visitors attention.

    Words of inspiration: Tranquility, different, unexpected, relaxing, surreal, imagination, creativity

  4. Daven molina says:

    My inspiration comes from the project Endless Cycling by Rodrigo Cáceres Céspedes. What initially drew me to this particular project was the overall shape of the design and how Rodrigo Céspedes got to this particular volume through a series multiple volumes slowly molded. This small cyclist shelter has the purpose to house cyclists after long stretches of biking in the valleys of Chile. I really thought the entry ways divided into a place to place your bikes and a pathway to an open space with a spectacular view of the mountain side. I want to incorporate similar ideas of path and entry way for my site. The main body frame of the endless cyclist project is steel, and aluminum frame work which is semi exposed with the side paneling being translucent cloth. The use of metal and fabric materials work great together there is not a fully solid material like wood stone etc. giving the overall structure a lighter look in weight. The potential of using a material that is cloth like can have advantages in a waterfront setting. The wall and roof paneling could have movement with the wind or be made to withstand any movement, but most importantly the cloths play with light depending on the materials thickness it can help in defusing direct sunlight, creating more indirect sunlight angles. With more leeway with the sunlight playing with shade and shadow on the interior to highlight different parts of the structure depending on a specific day or time frame like one of the solstices or equinox. I want to use the angle of the sunrise and it’s time for each special moment highlighting that day’s sunlight pattern. The south west direction facing the water will have to have an opening to view the ocean amongst other activities. I think that the structure should be broken up into open and confined spaces on the interior again to play with the concepts of shade and shadow. The client who this is all for is a hobby fisherman that spends weekends at the coast in this structure as a getaway place of relaxation, to regain composure and rest the mind.
    Word list: entry way, path, roof, walls , floor, views, open space, confined space, lighting, frame, calming, relaxation, sea, land breeze, indirect, direct sunlight, shade and shadow
    Links: Inspiration:
    Solar patterns:,-97.0645,14/2014.02.18/22:13
    Weather patterns:

  5. Paulina Batista says:

    My inspiration comes from the buildings of Santiago Calatrava. He is a Spanish architect and structural engineer. He is characterized for his bridges and railway stations. He focuses on bringing together structural engineering and architecture in his designs. I mainly used the “Puente del Alamillo as the piece for my inspiration. I like the way he makes his designs clean and monumental; the way he uses the materials and manipulates them. I also liked the idea of using it as an inspiration because of his bridges he creates. We can relate this type of architecture to the site we are using, playing with the use of the water and shade and shadow.
    As for my piece of art as my inspiration I chose an oil painting by Rufino Tamayo. I like the way he expresses calm trough the painting. Because of the site we have to work with I chose this painting. The use of blue colors can relate to the color scheme we see in the shore. In the painting there is a person looking to the horizon. In the horizon we can see a big star. I think this painting reflects patience, calmness and inspiration.
    For my project I would like to blend this two inspirations and create a structure that plays with light and shadow, but maintaining it clean. Use the different sunlight that the equinoxes and solstices provide to create a space that includes an entry and can be used as a space of relaxation or contemplating the environment. Use opening or panels to let the light in to specific places in the specific dates of the equinoxes and solstices. But making this easy to focus and understand to the visitors that do not know about the project.

    Word list:
    water front

    Santiago Calatrava
    Rufino Tamayo
    Solstice and Equinoxes

  6. Ingrid Saldaña says:

    The architect that I chose as an inspiration is Doris Kim Sung, she is really interested in thermo-bimetals; these are smart materials that respond dynamically to temperature change. I really like the way she is incorporating this metal that “breathes” in some of her future projects and with the ones that she already made as an experiment. She demonstrated her project “Bloom” in Los Angeles and I really like the different shadows that this piece makes. This metal changes its shape with the different temperatures and by doing this it lets the light of the sun and the air to come through it and at the same time it gives shadow. I would like to incorporate this kind of technology in my project because its figure would change as the sun moves so you would experience the sun light and the air in different ways. Also I like the idea of giving my project the shape of waves; I plan to make four different places one for each day, so you can experience and presence the different natural phenomena.

    Word list: sea, sun, light, air flow, movement, experience, different, calm, enjoy


  7. Yoana Penelova says:

    -summer – when sun rises above the line of latitude known as the Tropic of Cancer which is 23.5 degrees north of the equator (usually longest day of the year)
    -before and after solstice sun seems to stand still because it rises and goes down and the same point
    -happens on June 21
    -winter – sun rises at an extreme southern point it rises over Tropic of Capricorn which is 23.5 degrees south of the equator
    -shortest day of the year is when the sun rises above Tropic of Capricorn
    -happens around December 22
    -night and day are almost equal to each other
    -vernal equinox – march 21
    -autumnal equinox – September 23
    -Axial tilt – degrees that Earth leans toward or away from the sun, measured from its axis
    -earth is tilted 23.5 degrees
    -Axis – imaginary line that goes through the center of the Earth and separates hemispheres as well as North Pole and South Pole
    -Tropic of Cancer – 23.5 degrees north
    -Tropic of Capricorn – 23.5 degrees south

    •June Solstice and Ancient Traditions
    -important date to help set peoples calendars
    -people organized when to plant and harvest crops that way
    -traditional month for weddings
    -helped societies establish length of the year
    -Stonehenge – believed to have been built in order to track the summer solstice
    -In china summer solstice = yin forces and winter solstice = yang forces
    -civilizations defined each month with a personality and each solstice and equinox with a personality
    -when sun is highest in the sky the shadows are shortest
    -when sun in between highest and lowest points the shadows are medium or intermediate
    -when sun is low in sky the shadows appear the longest
    -example – sun rises from east, so if standing on the north the sun will be on ones right meaning that the persons shadow will be facing to the left of them
    -shadows can diverge solar rays causing a cooling effect
    -in the winter we want pleasant sunlight and not too much shadow and vice versa in the summer

    •6 steps to analyzing shadow
    -1) Taking the climatic data and analyzing it by using appropriate thermal comfort
    standards to draw the climatic needs calendar of the region
    2) Determining the important climatic periods according to the use of the
    constructed area for some activities;
    3) Converting the information on the sun-path chart of the region;
    4) Overlapping the shadow angle protractor on sun-path chart to determine the shadow need period and draw the shading mask pattern;
    5) Designing the sunshade pattern according to shading mask pattern;
    6) Designing different alternatives of sunshades according to several elements like aesthetic, material, strength, construction, economy, maintenance and other climatic elements such as wind speed, precipitation, freezing and chill factor.

    •Calculating shadow
    -depending on the degree of position of the sun during an hour one can tell depending on the high of an structure or object what type of shadows will cast on the object of interest

    -warmest water in the United States
    -ranked highest in tornado occurrences and tropical cyclones
    -sub-tropical weather
    -doesn’t get really any snow fall
    -weather isn’t very harsh
    -many historic sites
    -average temperature – 60 – 90 degrees F

    The space will be located in Padre Island, Texas considered one of the most beautiful coastline in Texas. Taking the idea of cave and the two solstices and equinoxes a space will be created to celebrate those times of the year. According to history and analyzing present day society the summer solstice has been the one of most significant importance. In ancient times the summer solstice helped societies mark the length of the year, determine crop periods, and was the time where most celebrations were held (like weddings). The summer solstice will be the one of most significance in the building by expressing it in a greater way than the other periods of the year. The structure will have a roof that has specific patterned cutouts to highlight a focal point throughout the year but at different angles. Every time the space if visited there will be a different view of the focal point providing a different experience. It has been said that ancient societies also gave personalities to each period of the year and the same will be with the structure. It will incorporate the different personalities of each time period and celebrate that specific period. Being placed in the gulf coast of Texas the space will also signify the water temperature changes throughout the year. In the winter the water reaches as low as 55 degrees Fahrenheit and in the winter as high as 86 degrees, providing some of the warmest waters in the United States.

    -Floor – stable ground, material, grounded,
    -Roof – shelter, shadow,
    -Solstice – movement, sun position, warm, cold, circular pattern, angled, harsher weather, marker, yin and yang
    -Equinox – equal, balanced, perfect times of the year, weather not too harsh, life, death
    -Stairs – rising, structured, resting, exercise
    -Water front – aquatic, movement, lively, life, free form, breeze, sound, fragrance, soft sand, warm, cold, change
    -Tide – moon, movement, rising, sinking

    -ancient societies (Slavic and Germanic) tribes who celebrated the sun at its highest point (June) by having bon fires
    -the idea of cave and cut outs to create sunlight exposure
    •Architect – Snohetta Group
    -group of architects and other professionals around the world in collaboration to create functional and beautiful architecture
    -challenge clients to become architects and architects the clients in order to get maximum collaboration
    -having many project that play with roof and flooring by making both look soft and interchangeable like the Ras Al Khaimah Gateway that has a lot of curvature and the roof and the floor could be considered one continuos piece providing different function
    •Project – Lascaux IV International Cave Painting Center
    -Im interested in the small space where the roof is cut out in the shape of where the paintings are placed in the cave to create an interesting form where sunlight is mainly exposed in that area
    -Also they have another small space where the floor is actually not flat but has curvature to allow different seating, standing, and lying positions


  8. Vivian Romero says:

    For this project, I’ve gotten my inspiration from Aztec architecture. The Aztecs are known for having giant pyramids lined with stairs, but also for their accuracy in tracking the sun. For example, some of their structures had been built in alignment with the sun on particular day i.e. the solstice days. On one of these days, the sun rises exactly between two buildings and can be seen from the top of a third structure. They also have a pyramid in which on the solstice, the shadow that the sun casts on the stairs of the pyramid resembles a serpent.
    I would like to incorporate this idea into my own structure to where my structure marks the four days somehow. I am also going to have four details in my structure that will be illuminated by the sunlight only on the solstices and equinox days. To do this, I will use a spherical solar concentrator that will be angled in a way that light will be reflected and concentrated in the direction of the object or detail.
    Here’s the link to a GoogleDoc with some pictures and links to the information:

  9. Daniela Gallardo says:

    My Architect is Y+M design office, which is a Japanese firm. Their stairs house is the project I liked the most, and it’s my inspiration. My idea and what I liked the most was how they used the stairs as roof and floor at the same time. Also, how between the stairs the light comes in and that way we can see different types of shadow depending on which equinox or solstice we are celebrating. You will be able to walk and watch the sunrise and sunset on top of the stairs and watch how the water flows. The structure would be made out of wood and there would be space between the stairs so more light can come in and crate the shadows underneath. There also will be a “door” between the stairs so you could go between them and watch the shadows moved through the day. The foundations of the structure would probably be columns, like the Aluminum Centrum, to hold it in place and balanced.

    Y+M Design Office-階段の家
    Aluminum Centrum-

  10. Angelica Campos says:


    Xavier Vilalta
    Xavier Vilalta won a competition with the theme of tower for Doha, Qatar. His project was called the Alpha Project. His design of the tower’s skin is based on ancient Arabic pattern tiles that defines and shades the spaces of the interior and structure moving towards the outside. He used open pavilions which shaded pathways where wind goes through the landscaped gardens. The purpose of the design is for it to be functional and not collapse at living places where there are harsh climates. The design is made for the surrounding environment which works in harmony utilizing natural resources. It utilizes the harness energy from wind, water and sun. The outer façade of the energy-efficient towers is fixed with panels to harness solar energy while the entire organic framework works to facilitate natural pressure ventilation.

    Renzo Piano
    Kimbell Art Museum in Dallas- Sun Screen consists for the sun to come in at an angle. And not to hit to forward through, giving a nice bright light come into the building. Also it is creating its own patterns of shades and shadows.

    Rem Koolhass
    China Central Television Headquarters in Beijing, China – representing the Moebius strip (Möbius Strip). The Mobius Strip represents the never ending path. Repeating and repeating over again.

    My inspiration for these three projects is for them to come together as a whole. I want to use Xavier Vilaltas’ Alpha Project research by having some openings in my building that will let the wind go through and out. I want to incorporate Renzo Piano’s Sun screens by letting the light come in through the opening on walls and roof. Last but not least, I want t incorporate the idea of the Mobius strip by representing the continuation of the Spring Equinox, Summer Solstice, Fall Equinox and Winter Solstice which occurs over and over again, as a cycle. I want to use the dates of Spring Equinox on Thursday March 20th, Summer Solstice on Saturday June 21st, Fall Equinox on Tuesday September 23rd and Winter Solstice on Sunday December 21st. During this time period each day will have a special event going on that will create a big impact to the people.

    Words of inspiration:
    Celebration , Sun, Wind, Shadow, Shade, Roof , Floor, Water, Sea, Waterfall, Spring Equinox, Summer Solstice, Fall Equinox, Winter Solstice, Inspiration, Incorporation, Knowledge, Separation, Transform, Harmony, Connection, Light, Culture, Movement, Flow, Columns, Days, Creation, Cold, Hot, Wind, Warmth, Weather, Temperature, Ground, Mobius Strip, Screen Skin, Perspectives, Time, Calm, Nature, Stairs.

  11. Daven molina says:

    what is the scale of the site model? is that an angle showing on the sand dune of 8 degrees?

  12. juliana huff says:

    inspirational projects:

    Location of site
    598 ocean view drive, Port Aransas, Tx

    word list:

    I imagine my project having interesting form that appears to move with the wind.
    The shapes are linear and sharp but represent a high tide. The inverted base material is concrete held up by intricate columns. The voids that spear through the main structure have a strong relationship with the columns that have unique design. There is room for movement, dancing. and entertaining. The sun leaves the following designated day a mystery. A place to melt and recover.

  13. Dhenebb Munoz says:

    “People observe the colors of a day only at its beginnings and ends but to me its quite clear that a day merges through a multitude of shades and intonations with each passing moment.”
    The Book Thief by Markus Zusak
    I have decided to use this passage as part of my inspiration, but I also researched on the Inca Civilizations whom created rituals for the sun god. To keep track of the solstices, they would build pillars to mark the position of the sun solstices. The architect I chose was May Lin because of the way she captures natural and the environment through her work, such as the Box House which captures the environment and the Manhattanville Sanctuary and Eviromental Learning Lab that captures natural light.

  14. Alan Federico Aguilar says:

    Word list-
    Roof- top, cover, concealment, shelter, protection, boundary, dwelling, limit, space, shield
    Floor- ground, bottom, base, surface, flat, ground, level, plane,
    Roof& floor- horizontal, parallel
    Water front- aquatic, coast, edge of a body of water, dock, algae, shells

    While researching Lewis Tsurumaki Lewis as advice by Townsend, I stumbled upon a project that caught my attention. Ai Weiwei from Lewis Tsurumaki Lewis was chosen to be one of the 100 designers to design a villa in Ordos, inner Mongolia. The project can be displayed as three major levels. The first level ( broken off its traditional shape) connects itself with the second level ( essentially one solid object) and a third underground basement. What caught of my attention was the use of contradicting use of combing exterior with the interior with the use of roof and floor to successfully achieve it. The exposure created by this theme gives an opportunity to invite the sun’s rays throughout the year at different locations for the corresponding time of the year.

  15. Zac Glasser says:

    For my inspiration I chose to look at XTEN architecture. I wanted my design to reflect and utilize the surrounding aspects of the Texas coastline. Architects Monika Hafelfinger and Austin Kelly founded XTEN design firm in 2000. I choose this firm because I liked their environmental designs for homes on slopes and how they take into account prevailing breezes and yearly sun angles during the design process. They even show how the breeze and sun are incorporated in their site and elevation drawings. I particularly liked their Open House in Hollywood Hills, CA. In this design you can see how the floor and roof look as if they were folded to make a large open viewing room of the LA skyline. This open design also allows for the prevailing breeze to naturally cool the inside. The roofline allows more sunlight inside in the winter months while also providing more shade for the home in the summer months.
    Narrative- For this project I would like my design to be a two-storied building with open viewing rooms that allow for the breeze coming off the coast to naturally cool the structure. Stairs will lead you from the coastal viewing rooms down to the sand dune on the site where a dock will guide you out to an open deck on the water. The portion of the dock leading out to the viewing deck will be covered causing the roof and floor shadows from the dock to be casted onto the water. I want the sight to represent the seasons depending on what level you are on. The dock will represent the summer solstice. It is the lowest level with the closest relationship to the water. This area will receive the most amount of direct sunlight during the summer solstice. The second layer of the sight will represent the equinoxes with two equal sized viewing rooms. The highest and most protected level will represent the winter solstice. This will be a place to take refuge from the strong northern wind that can affect the coast during the winter months. The materials for this project will include wood for the dock/deck and a combination of steel and concrete for the structure on the beach.

    XTEN Architecture

  16. Wes Baird says:

    • Callicrates
    • Parthenon
    • Temple of Athena Mike
    Solstice/equinox information:
    As you approach the beach you see the first of the four different structures. The first structure has four columns at the four corners. In the middle of the ceiling is a stone with the symbol for Pisces cut out so that light may pass through. The light shines through and is clearly visible on a stone square that is a different color from the rest of the structure. There is a path leading to the second structure. The second structure looks mostly the same as the first but there are two pillars at each corner instead of one. And the color of the tiling in which the light shows the symbol for Cancer is a different color than the last. The path continues onto the third structure which again is mostly the same except for the amount of pillars, the tile, and the symbol. There are three pillars this time, the tile is again a different color, and the symbol on display this time is Libra. The fourth structure is a couple feet out on top of the water. There are four pillars on each corner, the symbol is Sagittarius, and the tile in which the light shines on is a different color from the last three structures. This structure has one more very noticeable difference than the other three. It has a wall with vertical boxes cut out of it. The wall blocks the chilly wind coming off the water but still allows for one to see out across the water. As you walk back through the structure you notice the grand pattern. The symbols are for the part of year that the equinox/solstice happens. Such as Pisces for spring, Cancer for summer, Libra for fall, and Sagittarius for winter. As you walk out to the fourth structure you are going through the entire year. Then as you walk back you are going back through that year to revisit the past and to leave the year behind and to start the next year anew.

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